Tinkers: Synge and the Cultural History of the Irish Traveller: Synge and the Cultural History of the Irish Traveller Mary Burke

ISBN: 9781282349094

Published: December 3rd 2009

ebook

329 pages


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Tinkers: Synge and the Cultural History of the Irish Traveller: Synge and the Cultural History of the Irish Traveller  by  Mary Burke

Tinkers: Synge and the Cultural History of the Irish Traveller: Synge and the Cultural History of the Irish Traveller by Mary Burke
December 3rd 2009 | ebook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 329 pages | ISBN: 9781282349094 | 3.16 Mb

The history of Irish Travellers is not analogous to that of the tinker, a Europe-wide underworld fantasy created by sixteenth-century British and continental Rogue Literature that came to be seen as an Irish character alone as English becameMoreThe history of Irish Travellers is not analogous to that of the tinker, a Europe-wide underworld fantasy created by sixteenth-century British and continental Rogue Literature that came to be seen as an Irish character alone as English became dominant in Ireland.

By the Revival, the tinker represented bohemian, pre-Celtic aboriginality, functioning as the cultural nationalist counter to the Victorian Gypsy mania. Long misunderstood as a portrayal of actual Travellers, J.M. Synges influential The Tinkers Wedding was pivotal to this Irishing of the tinker, even as it acknowledged that figures cosmopolitan textual roots. Synges empathetic depiction is closely examined, as are the many subsequent representations that looked to him as a model to subvert or emulate. In contrast to their Revival-era romanticization, post-independence writing portrayed tinkers as alien interlopers, while contemporaneous Unionists labelled them a contaminant from the hostile South.

However, after Travellers politicized in the 1960s, more even-handed depictions heralded a querying of the tinker fantasy that has shaped contemporary screen and literary representations of Travellers and has prompted Traveller writers to transubstantiate Otherness into the empowering rhetoric of ethnic difference. Though its Irish equivalent has oscillated between idealization and demonization, US racial history facilitates the cinematic figuring of the Irish-American Traveler as lovable white trash rogue.

This process is informed by the mythology of a population with whom Travelers are allied in the white American imagination, the Scots-Irish (Ulster-Scots). In short, the tinker is much more central to Irish, Northern Irish and even Irish-American identity than is currently recognised.



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